The Brewer palette for colour deficiency

The Brewer palette is a set of colours named after Cynthia Brewer, a researcher at Pennsylvania State University. Brewer conducted research into creating maps that people with colour deficiency (colourblindness) can read and understand.

We suggest the use of the Brewer palette for Web pages where adjoining or overlapping items must use different colours yet must also be accessible to colour-deficient people. Typical examples are navbars (with adjoining selectable areas) and long documents with many heading levels (where colour is used as an additional cue to differentiate heading level).

The Brewer palette provides two categories of information:

If you have to differentiate two items clearly, you may use one of the colour pairs. If you need to differentiate a related range of items, you may use colour steps.

Listed below are colour pairs and colour steps that are safe for people with colour-vision deficiencies and whose names are also unambiguous.

Not every Web site will require specific work to avoid confusable colour combinations. But if your site is one of those, you may use these colour pairs and colour steps.


Version history

2020.02.26
V1.0 posted.

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